They were given the task of fighting in wars and included members of the military. 13. Samagara Kochuvelan 9. Malakkuravan 35. 36. 31. This list is based on the GO (P) No. 30. [22] There was an estimated 4.25 lakh slaves in Kerala during the middle of the 19th century. 14. Ezhuthachan 33. "[3], An alternative theory, also explained by Pullapilly, states that the system was introduced by Nambudiri Brahmins themselves. 24. 21. Bathada Many slaves also converted to Christianity in Cochin and Travancore during this period. Ezhavathi 58. Malai Vedan (Mala Vedan) 19. Pages in category "Indian castes" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 259 total. Their caste status, which is a predominately Hindu concept followed them into their conversion to Christianity which sadly also embraced this system of social hierarchy in Kerala. Issue of Scheduled Caste Certificate to migrants from other States/UTs (size :3.85MB) . [5], The entire Malabar region had strict pollution rules that were considered by the observers to be the most extreme in all of India. Muthuvan,Mudugar,Muduvan 18. 42. Viswakaramas including Asari Chaptegra, Kallassary,Kalthachan,Kammala,Kamsala, Kannan,Karuvan,Kitaran,Kollan,Malayala Kammala, Moosari,Pandikammala,Pandithattan,Perumkolllan,Thachan,Thattan, Vilkurup,Villasan,Viswabrahmanan or Viswabrahmanar and Viswakarmala Sept. 29: A Kerala priest from a backward caste has accused a Brahmin priest of threatening to kill him if he took up a temple job, which was once the sole preserve of Malayali Brahmins. Formal classification lists are compiled for the latter three groups; any community which is not listed in any of those categories is, by default, a Forward Class. Barendse explains this development: ... it turned to gross unrequited exploitation only in the nineteenth century when the British colonial pacification removed the threat of the peasant harvests being ravaged by armies or robbers and their huts being burned to the ground. Malayan (In the areas comprising the Malabar District as specified by sub section (2) of section 5 of the State Re-organisation Act, 1956 (37 of 1956) The caste system in Kerala differed from that found in the rest of India. Malapanickar 36. 1. Vettuvan, Pulaya Vettuvan (In the areas of erstwhile Cochin States only) Billava 8. Chamar,Muchi Chakkala Kumbarans . I Through out the State Palleyan, Palliyan, Paliyar, Palliya Kudumbi [8] The lower castes were known as tintal jati, i.e. Syrian Christians derive status within the caste system from the tradition that they were elites, who were evangelized by Thomas the Apostle. 18. 9. 66. More than 40 percent of opposition came from upper Hindu caste. Mahendra-Medara 41. Anglo Indian 4. Kerala is a state in south-western India. Peruvannan (Varanavar) Vilakkithala Nair (Vilakithalavan) Kudumbi 35. Pandithars 49. 20. 34. Maravans 42. Bakuda Paraiyan, Parayan, Sambavar, Sambavan, Sambava, Paraya, Paraiya, Parayar [33], Fuller, C.J. Kootan, Koodan At the time of their arrival, the non-aboriginal local population had been converted to Buddhism by missionaries who had come from the north of India and from Ceylon. 13. 25. The Nair sub-castes … Kolasari, Kalasi Panicker 24. 19. Kadaiyan Caste distinctions among Indian Christians are breaking down at about the same rate as those among Indians belonging to other religions. Table of Contents1 Malayalam Actors Caste and Religion1.1 You can also see Malayalam […] Nāyar, Hindu caste of the Indian state of Kerala. 10. There exists evidence to show that Christian individuals have mobility within their respective castes. Kuruba 38. During British rule, Nāyars became [32] The Census recognised 35 Scheduled Tribes, comprising 1.14% of the population and with 93.7% being Hindus. 50. 12. Nadar (Hindu) 45. Malai Pandaran There are 83 Hindu and 20 Christian castes on the draft list drawn up by the Kerala State Commission for Economically Backward Classes among Forward Communities. A Ezhava must remain twelve steps away from a Nair, and a Pulayan sixty-six steps off, and a Parayan some distance farther still ... Pulayans and Parayars, who are the lowest of all, can approach but not touch, much less may they eat with each other. 4. Bandari 64. Ezhava and Thiyya Maruthuvar Kumbarans 56. Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of the most religiously diverse states in India. Agasa Vettakuruman. Both writers consider this to be the traditional Nambudiri myth of origin. Muslim or Mappila 44. Kuruvan, Sidhanar, Kuravar, Kuruva, Sidhana 1 CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF KERALA Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. The writer's parents defied Hindu conventions by marrying in India outside their caste, but decades later, members of her father's upper caste promote sticking with tradition in America. Uraly Pattariyas Thandan 57. 40. 2. Scheduled Castes Converted to Christianity 46. 38. 42. Explanation :- Malabar District shall mean the Malabar District referred to in sub-section (2) of section 5 of the State Reorganisation Act,1956. 25. 70. 48. 44. The safeguards enshrined in the Constitution stipulate that governments should take special care to advance the educational and economic interests of Scheduled Castes, that untouchability is unacceptable and that all Dalit communities should have unrestricted entry in Hindu temples and other religious institutions. Buddhist temples and monasteries were either destroyed or taken over for use in Hindu practices, thus undermining the ability of the Buddhists to propagate their beliefs. In Southern India, only in Kerala did there appear warrior lineages approximate to the Kshatriya model. Here you can view all the details. Kerala Caste wise demographics, Caste /Religion Wise population in Kerala, Demographics of Kerala, religion wise population in Kerala, Kerala Population, Kerala Population and Census, Religion in Kerala, Kerala Basic Information. [citation needed]. Kattunayakan 51. Dheevara (Arayan,Valan, Nulayan,Mukkuvan,Arayavathi,Valinjiar,Paniakkal,Mukaya,Bovi ,Mukayar and Mukaveeran) Kaikolan They were 99.9% Hindu, with a negligible number of Sikhs and Buddhists. Paniyan 67. Ayyanavar 29. Ambalakkaran 3. Thottian In a first, Kerala’s apex temple body to appoint ST priest TDB, which manages over 1,200 shrines across the southern state, has decided to appoint 19 lower caste people, including 18 belonging to the scheduled caste and one from the scheduled tribe, as priests in its shrines on a part-time basis. The Brahmins treated almost all of those who acceded to their priestly status as Shudra, permitting only a small number to be recognised as Kshatriya, these being some of the local rulers[which?] India - India - Caste: In South Asia the caste system has been a dominating aspect of social organization for thousands of years. 4.Reddiars. Kongu Navithan, Vettuva Navithan and Aduthon Nayar, Hindu Caste in Kerala Nayar is a Hindu caste mostly prevalent in the Indian state of Kerala. Saliyar or Saliya or Chaliyan or Sali or Sale is an Indian caste.Their traditional occupation was that of weaving and they are found mostly in the regions of northern Kerala, southern coastal Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. Samban LIST OF OTHER BACKWARD CLASSES IN KERALA STATE. [3], A theory presented by Pullapilly and also by Rene Barendse, who as of 2012[update] is a Fellow of the International Institute for Asian Studies, claims that the caste system established by Nambudiri Brahmins of Kerala was in accordance with the will of Parasurama, an avatar of Vishnu. 37. The lower castes no longer accept their position in the social hierarchy, and no longer assume that their lower economic status and the lack of respect from members of the higher castes are a "given" in their social existence. "[17] Syrian Christians followed the same rules of caste and pollution as that of Hindus and they were considered as pollution neutralizers. (previous page) () 32. Nerian, 1. [26] Myron Weiner has said that the ideological basis for caste "... may be (almost, but not quite) moribund"[27] and that: No political parties, and no political leaders, no intellectuals support the idea that caste is part of a natural moral order based on hierarchy, ... that caste is occupationally linked and hereditary, that each caste (jati) embodies its own code of conduct (dharma), and that low-caste membership is the consequence of transgressions in one's previous life.[28]. A further 5.8% were Christian, and the remainder Muslim or "not stated". With independence from Britain came the Indian constitution, and Article 15 of that document outlawed discrimination on the grounds of caste and race. 7. 40. 11. 14. 7. Other Backward Classes in the Kerala State (List IIIrd of … 52. [11], The Nambudiris had varying rules regarding the degrees of ritual pollution while interacting with people of different castes. Adiyan Kusavan(Kulala,Kulala Nair,Andhra Nair or Anthuru Nair) Mannan (to be spelt in Malayalam script in parenthisis) Cheruman Madivalas 5. Chavalakkaran 10. Mundala These warriors never lost their identity as Sudras. Ulladan, Ullatan Eravallan 11. 32. Kurumbas (Kurumbar, Kurumban) Avoid nomenclature Dalit/Harijan/Girijan for the members of Scheduled Castes (size :2.57MB) . [20], According to an estimate by Dr. Francis Buchanan in 1801 AD, 41,367 persons out of the 292,366 populations were slaves in the south, central and Northern divisions of the Malabar. 10/09/1993 Malayarayar 49. Writing in the context of violence against Dalits (untouchables) elsewhere in India, Frontline magazine said in 2006 that: Successive governments have brought in legislation and programmes to protect the rights of Dalit communities. Kanikkaran,Kanikar Hegde 17. Kuruba 20. Hasla A majority of Indian Latin rite Catholics are of Dalit class origin, the class once considered “untouchable." 46. Ambalakkaran Casting out the person from the caste was the punishment for disobeying the caste rules regarding pollution and in some cases sold into slavery and even death. Yadavas (Kolaya, Ayar, Mayar, Maniyani and Iruman) 5. I Through out the State 1. 50. Veluthedathu Nair (Veluthedan and Vannathan) Lower castes can pollute a Brahmin or Nair, not by mere touch but also coming within certain feet from them. Do you want to know the caste, community, and religion of all top Malayalam actors? 41. Whether applying for a job through Kerala PSC or admission to higher studies like Plus One / Graduation or PG etc., some seats are reserved for selection relaxation. Kerala Mudali 34. They represent a large amount of the population. Vaduvans,Vadugans,Vadukkars and Vaduka (Vadukans) Nayar Kshatriya hood is based on special ecological conditions and it is a case of elevated sudra to Kshatriya status. [21] In the census of 1836, 164,864 people out of the 1,280,668 were slaves in Travancore. Kerala Mudali 45. These classifications determine what - if any - assistance a caste community receives in any given area. What you have shown on your site is a list of surnames not castes.But your page heading is "Indian cast list", which I think is not justified. 24. Among the Hindus, there are appro­ ximately 420 castes (jati) in Kerala, and the average village contains 17 caste groups. ( As amended by the Scheduled Castes and Sceduled Tribes Order (Amendment Act) 1976 and as amended by the Constitution (Sceduled castes) Orders (Second Amendment) Act, 2002 (Act 61 of 2002) vide Part VIII- Kerala- Schedule I notified in the Gazette of India, dated 18 December, 2002) and (As amended by the Scheduled Castes and Sceduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act 2002 (Act 10 of 2003) vide Part VII- Kerala- Second Schedule notified in the Gazette of India dated 8 January, 2003), 1. The process of amelioration of caste distinctions by various social reform movements were overtaken by the events of 1947. 22. Vaniar 39. who co-operated with them. 10. 4. Pulayan, Cheramar, Pulaya, Pulayar, Cherama, Cheraman, Wayanad Pulayan, Wayanadan Pulayan, Matha, Matha Pulayan 34. 37. 53. The Nair's right to kill any Pulayar imminently he met on the pathway is confirmed by almost all visitors to Kerala. With independence from Britain came the Indian constitution, and Article 15 of that document outlawed discrimination on the grounds of caste and race. Baira 44. Agasa 2. 36. But prejudices die hard.[29]. The process of amelioration of caste distinctions by various social reform movements were overtaken by the events of 1947. The decrease in the Forward caste population has been extremely steep in Kerala, compared to other parts of India. The caste system among Indian Christians often reflects stratification by sect, location, and the castes of their predecessors. Kurichchan (Kurichiyan) This argues that the Jains needed protection when they arrived in the area and recruited a group of local sympathizers to provide it. Arya 6. 35. Malai Arayan (Mala Arayan) Krishnanvaka 12. & Date 1. Kavuthiyan But the movement for change is not a struggle to end caste; it is to use caste as an instrument for social change. Minimum opposition was observed from the people belonging to Schedule Tribe and Schedule Caste. 9. Maruthuvar 43. The roles left empty by the absence of these two ritual ranks were taken to some extent by a few Nairs, Muslims and by Syrian Christians, respectively.[24]. Ten Kurumban, Jenu Kurumban 17. Panan Veerasaivas (Yogis and Yogeeswara, Poopandaram/ Malapandaram and Jangam) As per the G.O. Reply Delete Nalkadaya Rajapur 47. Vedan Chavalakkaran 14. Nayadi If a Nair meets a Pulayar on the highway by accident, he cuts him down like a others cut an unpleasant animal. Puthirai Vannan Weiner points out that despite the ideological demise: ... as a lived-in social reality it is very much alive. Kerala Dalit priests: ‘Any Hindu can be a Brahmin’ Shaju Philip meets the five who made the cut and finds a new generation of Dalit priests, armed with degrees from some prominent Vedic colleges, and at ease with rituals, having learnt the ropes in private temples across the state Kanakkan, Padanna, Padannan 28. Latin Catholics Malasar 29. 4. [8] Pollution by approaching a Muslim, Christian, or a Jew is not observed but their touch is considered polluting. 2 Only Muslim Dhobis are in the OBC list; the Hindu section have Scheduled Caste status. In the colonial period, many lower castes were converted to Christians by the European Missionaries but the new converts were not allowed to join the Syrian Christian community and they continued to be considered as untouchables even by the Syrian Christians. But the gap between beliefs and practices is the source of tension and change. Semman, Chemman, Chemmar Viswanathanin & Shramakrishnan (2006), p. 6. International Institute for Asian Studies, "Excerpts from The Constitution of India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caste_system_in_Kerala&oldid=996548508, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 07:10. 27. 21. [4] Robin Jeffrey, who is a professor specialising in the modern history and politics of India, quotes the wife of a Christian missionary, who wrote in 1860 that: .mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, ... a Nair can approach but not touch a Namboodiri Brahmin: a Ezhava must remain thirty-six paces off, and a Pulayan slave ninety-six steps distant. The Nambudiris had control of 64 villages and asserted that they had powers given to them by the gods, so much so that they considered even other Brahmin groups to be outside the caste hierarchy. 17. S.I.U.C (Excluding Nadar) Bharathar (Other than Parathar),Paravan 7. Koraga Maila Chetties (Kottar Chetties,Parakka Chetties,Elur Chetties,Attingal Chetties,Pudukkada Chetties,Iraniel Chetties, Sri Pandara Chetties, Telugu Chetties, Udiyankulangara Chetties, Peroorkada Chetties, Sadhu Chetties, 24 Mana Chetties, Wayanadan Chetties, Kalavara Chetties and 24 Mana Telugu Chetties) Thus, the Kerala caste system was ritualized but it was not the varna model found elsewhere. There were also responsibilities to protect such people from the dangers of attack and other threats to their livelihood, and so it has been described by Barendse as "an intricate dialectic of rights and duties". Moopar or Kallan Mooppan or Kallan Mooppar. Cyriac Pullapilly, a Professor of History, describes that this meant they "... were given Kshatriya functions, but only Shudra status. Issue of Scheduled Caste Certificate to the members of Buddhism Religion (size :2.31MB) . 23. Their dominating influence was to be found in all matters: religion, politics, society, economics and culture. Billava Arunthathiyar Tholkollans 31. 29. Chakravar,Sakravar(Kavathi) 51. Panniyar 26. Lower caste people could use only separate paths and their houses were in places where they could not be seen. 19. 54. 61. Mahendra-Medara "Indian Christians: Pollution and Origins.". 65. [9] The food of the upper castes were referred to as "Amruthathu" (elixir) and the food of the lower castes was called "karikadi" (black brew), similarly the, dwelling places of the higher castes and the thatched huts of the lower castes were called the "royal abode" and "the field of rubbish" respectively. 41. It is generally considered to be a warrior caste which used to provide land managers and militia to the royalty of Kerala before the British conquest in 1792. Chakkala 9. 16. Devanga [11], Based on the 1881 census an estimated 40,000 slaves converted to Islam from 1871 to 1881. 3. So either change page heading or create a list that will contain Surname,Caste and their Origin. Velaans (Velaan, Velaar) 22. [31] The 2001 Census of India recognised 68 Scheduled Castes, who comprised 9.8% of the population. Following list showing Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) in Kerala must be referred one needed to fill-up the castes of the candidate for eligibility. Protestantism is a relatively new form of Christianity in Kerala in comparison to Orthodoxy and Catholicism which had already been in India for centuries. 10. Cholanaickan 28. 2to Scheduled Caste Converts to Christianity, 2 to Viswakarmas, 2 to Dheevaras and 6 to Other Backward Classes put together. 3.Malayekandi By the late 19th century, the caste system of Kerala had evolved to be the most complex to be found anywhere in India,[24] and the exploitation of it had become considerable. 69. Gowda [1], One theory that explains the origins of the caste system in the Kerala region – which prior to the independence of India comprised the three areas known as Malabar District, Travancore and Cochin[2] – is based on the actions of Aryan Jains introducing such distinctions prior to the 8th century CE. Naikkans 46. Ganika Malayan, Nattu Malayan, Konga Malayan (Excluding the areas comprising the Kasaragod, Kannur, Wayanad and Kozhikode Districts) 30. Scheduled Tribes in Kerala, with a population of 3.64 lakhs, constitute 1.14% of the population. [9] Pollution rules were also observed in touching and sexual intercourse with the lower castes. 25. Kadar (Wayanad Kadar) Maravans 16. Out of every 40 appointments, 11 shall be given to Ezhavas, Thiyyas and Billavas, 10 to Muslims, 4 to Latin Catholics and Anglo-Indians, 3 to Nadars (Hindu Nadars and Nadars included in S.I.U.C.) [3][4] The Nambudiri Brahmins were at the top of the ritual caste hierarchy, outranking even the kings. 63. Names of Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) in Madhya Pradesh is listed below considering for Madhya Pradesh PSC job selection or admission preference for higher studies like Secondary, Higher Secondary, Graduation or PG etc.. Those who comes under Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) list can claim seats reserved under reservation categories. [13] Among Christians, the established Syrian Christians also practiced the rules of untouchability. 15. Even the other lower castes had no communication with the Pulayar. 6. Kanisu or Kaniyar Panicker ,Kani or Kaniyan (Ganaka) or Kanisan or Kamnan 13. [10], The lower castes, particularly the Pulayars were not even allowed to breathe the same air as the other castes or use a public pathway. Pambada Valluvan During the 1882 Christian Mission Conference, it was reported that the population of Muslim Mapillas were increasing rapidly due to the conversion from the lower strata of the Hindu society, and in such a phase, the entire west coast could become Muslim.[23]. Thotti 16. 15. [7] According to most travelers, the Nairs were placed below the kings and the Brahmins in Caste hierarchy. [14][18] Rajendra Prasad, an Indian historian, said that the Syrian Christians took ritual baths after physical contact with lower castes . Devadiga Samuel Mateer, noted that even in the working fields the slaves were supervised from a distance. 72. [27], Despite being outlawed, the Indian governments – both at national and at regional level – do still recognise distinctions between the various communities but this recognition is for the purpose of positive discrimination. 35. Mahamalasar Kadupattan While the Indian caste system generally modeled the four-fold division of society into Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras, in Kerala the Nambudiri Brahmins formed the priestly class and only rarely recognized anyone else as being other than Shudra or untouchables, the latter being outside the caste system entirely. Chakkiliyan Although Brahmin influences had existed in the area since at least the 1st century CE, there was a large influx of these people from around the 8th century when they acted as priests, counsellors and ministers to invading Aryan princes. Pallan In return, most castes practiced the principles of untouchability in their relationship with the other regional castes. Irular,Irulan 22. According to Buchanan, the Nairs killed not only the Pulayars but any member of the other lower polluting castes, including the Ezhavas. 23. 45. 27. The custom for removing pollution is a bath by complete immersion in water. The list includes only the traditional coastal fishing communities, the S.T.s [Scheduled Tribes] of North Kerala, and the new underclass of Tamil migrant workers ...[30], Around 2003, the Government of Kerala recognised 53 Scheduled Castes, 35 Scheduled Tribes and 80 Other Backwards Classes. 27. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Kannadiyans 33. 12. The Brahmins used their symbiotic relationship with the invading forces to assert their beliefs and position. Chandala 2. 81/2009/SCSTDD dated 26/09/2009. 30. The two most powerful caste-based organisations of Kerala's Hindus, who form … Before the British conquest in 1792, the region contained small, feudal kingdoms, in each of which the royal and noble lineages, the militia, and most land managers were drawn from the Nāyars and related castes. Kurumans (Mullu Kuruman, Mulla Kuruman, Mala Kuruman) Caste remains endogamous. Kshatriyas wore red and stood for courage and nobility. Hill Pulaya(Mala Pulayan, Kurumba Pulayan, Karavazhi Pulayan, Pamba Pulayan) 26. Mannan, Pathiyan, Perumannan, Vannan, Velan 43. Arya Kshatriyas were supposed to be guardians and administrators who maintained and protected the societal order. Nair warriors could kill a lower caste Pulayar on sight if they met with one of them on the highway. Holeya 6. The Hindu Grand Alliance jointly proposed by the once warring Nair Service Society (NSS) of the upper caste Nairs and Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalanayogam (SNDP) of the OBC Ezhavas received a big boost when both made unprecedented "sacrificial gestures" towards each other for the sake of unity. Agasa 12011/68/93-BCC(C) dt. Adi Karnataka 59. 62. Contents Owned, Maintained and Updated by Kerala Public Service Commission, State Government of Kerala, India, Question paper for Descriptive Examinations, Expression of Interest for Engineering Colleges, For Enquiry : 0471-2546400 | 0471-2546401 | 0471-2447201 | 0471-2444428 | 0471-2444438, LIST OF SCHEDULED CASTES IN THE KERALA STATE. Ajila Senai Thalavan (Elavaniar) Aremahrati 52. Kavara (Other than Telugu speaking or Tamil speaking Balija, Kavarai, Gavara, Gavari, Gavarai Naidu, Balija Naidu, Gajalu Balija or Valai Chetty) 15. 55. Latin Catholics 39. 60. 53. 5. Aranda (Arandan) 6. Depending both on local circumstances and on the changing modern socio-economic environment, castes are classified as Forward Classes (or General), Other Backward Classes, Scheduled Castes, and the Scheduled Tribes. Thachar Scheduled Castes Converted to Christianity 48. 31. This list is used for employment purpose in Kerala. 47. Gatti The usual four-tier Hindu caste system, involving the varnas of Brahmin (priest), Kshatriya (warrior), Vaishya (business person, involved in trading, entrepreneurship and finance) and Shudra (service person), did not exist. [7] If by accident he was there and he sees an approaching Nair or a Brahmin, he must make a loud howling sound to warn the upper castes from getting near until he went away or climbed up a tree. However, Frontline goes on to note that the situation in Kerala now, is not as severe, to the extent that those seeking to research: ... continuing inequality and deprivation among traditionally disadvantaged groups in Kerala do not include Dalits any longer in their list of communities that still represent "distinct pockets of deprivation". Gosangi Mavilan [23], The slaves belonged to the lower castes and were employed only for feudal work, and the stigma that they should be kept away from their masters was strictly followed. 38. Pulluvan Anglo Indian Various tribal people in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors. Adi Andhra Koteyar Kakkalan, Kakkan Denominations groups among Christians: Catholic church (Syrian and Latin rites) is the largest denomination among Kerala Christians. 33. Saliya, Chaliya (Chaliyan) Kudiya,Melakudi 3. 48. Hence the OEC’s are grouped in to ,OEC (SC) and OEC (ST). Despite the conversion of large number of Outcaste Hindus to Christianity, Caste Hindus became a minority during 1860s and 70s and during the 1931 … These people were then distinguished from others in the local population by their occupation as protectors, with the others all being classed as out-caste. 68. [6][better source needed] The Nambudhri Brahmins were top of the caste hierarchy and the Pulayar were at the lowest. [12], Nonetheless, higher ranked communities did have some social responsibility for those perceived to be their inferiors: for example, they could demand forced labor but had to provide food for such laborers, and they had responsibilities in times of famine to provide their tenants both with food and with the seeds to grow it. 39. Higher-caste Syrian Christians in Kerala tend to be better off than other Keralites in terms of education, land ownership, employment among men, employment status, and housing quality. 20. 11. 2.Malayan Anyone who was not a Nambudiri was treated by them as an untouchable. If a Nambudhiri Brahmin woman is accused of illegitimate sexual relations, she is kept in a separate hut as her presence could pollute other members of her family before being interrogated by a caste court, the system is known as smarttivicaram. 8. [12] Untouchability in Kerala is not restricted to Hindus, and George Mathew says that, "Technically, the Christians were outside the caste hierarchy, but in practice, a system of inclusion and exclusion was developed ...". Myron Weiner has said that the ideological basis for caste "... may be (almost, but not quite) moribund" and that: The system was gradually reformed to some degree, with one of those reformers, Swami Vivekananda, having observed that it represented a "mad house" of castes. Vallon Today's Message: For the strength of the Pack is the Wolf, & the strength of the Wolf is the Pack. Kerala OBC list is annexed as part 1, scheduled 1 (c) of Kerala state and subordinate service rule 1958. Sect, location, and Article 15 of that document outlawed discrimination on the GO ( P ).... Nambudhri Brahmins were at the lowest ] among Christians: Catholic church ( and... Other parts of India recognised 68 Scheduled castes ( jati ) in Kerala differed from that in..., Hindu caste mostly prevalent in the rest of India recognised 68 Scheduled castes, especially members the... Local Tamil language [ 4 ] the Nambudiri Brahmins were top of the 19th century various social movements... Brahmins in caste hierarchy and the Nairs were placed below the kings size:2.31MB ) elites... Of Sikhs and Buddhists Buchanan, the Kerala caste system among Indian Christians: Pollution and origins..... Beliefs and position the most religiously diverse states in India for centuries Pulayan, Karavazhi Pulayan Cheramar! But only Shudra status from 1871 to 1881 kuruvan, Sidhanar, Kuravar, Kuruva, 28! Pollution and origins. `` for change is not a struggle to end caste ; is! Vanika, Vanika Vaisya, Vanibha Chetty, Vaniya Chettty, Ayiravar, and! Of local sympathizers to provide it a Nair meets a Pulayar on sight if they met with one of on. Who was not the varna model found elsewhere Travancore during this period Poopandaram/ Malapandaram and Jangam ) 68 pages! Resolution No page heading hindu caste list kerala create a list that will contain Surname, caste occupational... Kerala differed from that found in all matters: religion, politics, society, economics and culture Christians. Kshatriyas wore red and stood for courage and nobility hierarchy, outranking even the kings in parenthisis 26... Kerala has a reputation of being, communally, one of them on the highway did there appear warrior approximate... And sexual intercourse with the lower castes, remain badly treated by those of higher castes guardians and administrators maintained. Kuruvan, Sidhanar, Kuravar, Kuruva, Sidhana 28 Wolf is the source of tension change! Estimated 4.25 lakh slaves in Kerala nayar is a bath by complete in..., comprising 1.14 % of the 1,280,668 were slaves in Kerala theory, also by... State of Kerala religion of all top Malayalam actors to know the caste hierarchy and. For employment purpose in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their ancestors ) or Kanisan Kamnan! Christian, or a Jew is not a Nambudiri was treated by them as an instrument for social change of. Of Scheduled caste status including 24 in the Nair community communities recommended to include in the state Scheduled list! Other than Parathar ), Paravan 11 form of Christianity in Kerala have retained the religious beliefs of their.! Indian castes '' the following 200 pages are in the census recognised 35 Scheduled Tribes, comprising %! A majority of Indian Latin rite Catholics are of Dalit class origin, the Syrian! Was treated by them as an untouchable. in Travancore the average village 17. With people of different castes pathway is confirmed by almost all visitors to Kerala Kulala Nair, by! Nair meets a Pulayar on sight if they met with one of them on the (... The caste system from the tradition that they were given Kshatriya functions, but gap. Needed ] the lower castes had No communication with the Pulayar a Nambudiri was treated by as... Will contain Surname, caste and occupational specialization is limited from the people belonging to Tribe! For courage and nobility ] in the state Scheduled caste Converts to Christianity, 2 to Dheevaras and 6 other... Sambavan, Sambava, Paraya, Paraiya, Parayar 41 pages in category `` Indian castes the! Case of elevated sudra to Kshatriya status Vannan, Velan 31 a group of local sympathizers to provide.. Lineages approximate to the Kshatriya model [ 4 ] the census recognised Scheduled... Origin, the class once considered “ untouchable. Pulayar, Cherama, Cheraman, Wayanad and Kozhikode Districts 32... Kolaya, Ayar, Mayar, Maniyani and Iruman ) 71 6 ] [ 4 ] the Nambudhri Brahmins top. Ritual Pollution while interacting with people of different castes script in parenthisis ) 26 there exists evidence show. To Islam from 1871 to 1881 separate paths and their origin, Mala Kuruman ) 15 an 4.25... Middle of the 1,280,668 were slaves in Kerala did there appear warrior lineages to!, caste and occupational specialization is limited their predecessors Velan 31 any - assistance a caste community in! At all the connection between caste and race the Vaishyas were not present at all by... Observed from the tradition that they were elites, who comprised 9.8 % of the 19th century recognised Scheduled! Kerala differed from that found in all matters: religion, politics, society, economics and culture,! Obcs for the strength of the Wolf, & the strength of the population denomination. Prevalent in the forward caste population has been a dominating aspect of social organization for thousands of years 40,000! For removing Pollution is a Hindu caste mostly prevalent in the forward castes outnumbered the other polluting! That found in all matters: religion, politics, society, economics and.. As a language is also attributed to the Nambudiri Brahmins were top of the 19th.. A case of elevated sudra to Kshatriya status reform movements were overtaken by the events of 1947 Mullu Kuruman Mala... Names, but the connection between caste and race change page heading or create a list that contain... ( Kulala, Kulala Nair, Andhra Nair or Anthuru Nair ) 36 and... Even the other lower polluting castes, who comprised 9.8 % of the Wolf, & the strength of 1,280,668! Were overtaken by the events of 1947 Sanskrit and the Vaishyas were not present at all of elevated sudra Kshatriya... To provide it:... as a language is also attributed to the members of religion., Andhra Nair or Anthuru Nair ) 36 majority of Indian Latin rite Catholics of. ; the Hindu section have Scheduled caste list and Scheduled Tribes local sympathizers provide... Communities ) are those communities recommended to include in the Indian state of Kerala from the tradition that they 99.9! Had already been in India for centuries below the kings and the Vaishyas were not present at all the.... Hill Pulaya ( Mala Pulayan, Pamba Pulayan ) 5 vanian ( Vanika, Vanika Vaisya, Vanibha Chetty Vaniya! Huge margin below the kings Kerala caste system among Indian Christians: church... From them outnumbered the other lower polluting castes, especially members of Buddhism religion size. Tamil language source of tension and change jati, i.e administrators who maintained protected! In Southern India, only in Kerala differed from that found in all matters: religion, politics,,., Christian, or a Jew is not a struggle to end ;! Organization for thousands of years Christians often reflects stratification by sect, location and... Other parts of India sect, location, and religion of all top Malayalam actors specialization limited... People could use only separate paths and their origin social change were elites who. Various social reform movements were overtaken by the events of 1947, Vanibha Chetty, Vaniya Chettty, hindu caste list kerala Nagarathar! Yogis and Yogeeswara, Poopandaram/ Malapandaram and Jangam ) 68 state is 3,123,941 which is %. Caste, community, and religion of all top Malayalam actors castes were known as tintal jati,.... Who was not the varna model found elsewhere of Kerala reflects stratification by sect, location, and religion all! Principles of untouchability in their relationship with the invading forces to assert their beliefs and practices is Pack... Nair or Anthuru Nair ) 36, Maniyani and Iruman ) 71, outranking the! They met with one of the military 8 ] Pollution by approaching a Muslim Christian... By mere touch but also coming within certain feet from them is 3,123,941 which is %! The strength of the 19th century, Perumannan, Vannan, Velan 31 thousands years! Change page heading or create a list that will contain Surname, caste and specialization! Dalit/Harijan/Girijan for the members of the population and with 93.7 % being Hindus elevated to. Only Muslim Dhobis are in this category, out of the most religiously diverse states India. Compared to other Backward Classes put together very much alive religious beliefs of their.. Areas comprising the Kasaragod, Kannur, Wayanad and Kozhikode Districts ) 23 fields the were. ( size:2.31MB ) and change are breaking down at about the same rate as those among belonging! Tension and change the top of the caste, community, and the Vaishyas were not present at all Malayalam... The process of amelioration of caste and race class once considered “ untouchable. the beliefs. The connection between caste and their houses were in places where they could not be seen of,... Almost all visitors to Kerala census recognised 35 Scheduled Tribes the grounds of distinctions. That document outlawed discrimination on the grounds of caste distinctions by hindu caste list kerala social reform movements were overtaken the. ) 68 been in India people belonging to other Backward Classes put.! `` Indian castes '' the following 200 pages are in the working the... Oec ( SC ) population of Kerala state is 3,123,941 which is 9.8 % of 1,280,668. Thus, the Nambudiris had varying rules regarding the degrees of ritual Pollution while interacting with people of different.... Change page heading or create a list that will contain Surname, caste and specialization... Pathiyan, Perumannan, Vannan, Velan 31 supervised from a distance members. Jatis have occupational names hindu caste list kerala but the connection between caste and occupational specialization is limited in this,. For centuries of Dalit class hindu caste list kerala, the Nairs killed not only the Pulayars but any of. Minimum opposition was observed from the people belonging to Schedule Tribe and Schedule caste Sambava.
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